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22 July What Happened On This Day In History – Chandrayaan-2

In the annals of history, July 22nd stands as a memorable date for space enthusiasts and admirers of human ingenuity. On this significant day in 2019, India’s Chandrayaan-2 mission achieved a remarkable feat by successfully taking off from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota. The mission’s primary objective was to become the fourth nation to achieve a soft landing on the moon. This article delves into the thrilling journey of Chandrayaan-2 and its momentous impact on space exploration.

Chandrayaan-2 Mission Overview

The Satish Dhawan Space Center

The Satish Dhawan Space Center, located on India’s east coast, served as the launch site for the ambitious Chandrayaan-2 mission. Named after the eminent Indian scientist Satish Dhawan, the center has been instrumental in various space endeavors. It boasts state-of-the-art facilities and cutting-edge technology, making it a pivotal hub for space exploration.

The Objective of Chandrayaan-2

Chandrayaan-2, the brainchild of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), had a multifaceted objective. The mission aimed to explore the moon’s south polar region, a relatively uncharted territory in lunar research. Additionally, it sought to demonstrate India’s prowess in space technology by accomplishing a soft landing on the lunar surface.

As per wikipedia the primary objectives of the Chandrayaan-2 lander were to demonstrate the ability to soft-land and operate a robotic rover on the lunar surface.

The scientific goals of the orbiter are:

  • to study lunar topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, the lunar exosphere, and signatures of hydroxyl and water ice.
  • to study the water ice in the south polar region and thickness of the lunar regolith on the surface.
  • to map the lunar surface and help to prepare 3D maps of it.

Launch and Journey to the Moon

India’s Leap in Space Exploration

The launch of Chandrayaan-2 marked a significant milestone in India’s space exploration journey. It exemplified the country’s growing capabilities in the field and cemented its position as a formidable player in the global space race. The mission garnered attention and admiration from around the world, with many eagerly awaiting its progress.

Also Read: Chandrayaan-3: Story Behind India’s Third Moon Mission Successful Launch

The Soft Landing Ambition

One of the most challenging aspects of the Chandrayaan-2 mission was the soft landing ambition. A soft landing on the moon’s surface is a complex and delicate maneuver, as it involves carefully controlling the spacecraft’s descent to prevent any damage. The success of this endeavor would have placed India in an elite league of nations capable of lunar soft landings.

Accomplishments and Challenges

Milestones Achieved by Chandrayaan-2

During its journey to the moon, Chandrayaan-2 achieved several significant milestones. It successfully entered the moon’s orbit and conducted a series of orbital maneuvers to position itself for the eventual landing. The mission’s orbiter played a crucial role in capturing valuable data and images of the lunar surface, enhancing our understanding of Earth’s celestial neighbor.

Overcoming Obstacles During the Mission

Like any ambitious space mission, Chandrayaan-2 faced its share of challenges. Some of these hurdles tested the ingenuity and determination of the mission’s scientists and engineers. Despite encountering challenges, ISRO demonstrated its resilience and problem-solving capabilities, earning accolades for its efforts from the global scientific community.

Impact and Significance

Advancements in Space Research

Chandrayaan-2’s success had far-reaching implications for space research and exploration. The mission’s findings provided valuable insights into the moon’s geology and its evolution over millions of years. Such knowledge has the potential to contribute to broader scientific research and our understanding of the cosmos.

India’s Contribution to Lunar Exploration

The Chandrayaan-2 mission not only propelled India’s space program to new heights but also showcased the country’s commitment to global collaboration in space exploration. The success of the mission inspired and encouraged other nations to collaborate and share their expertise for mutual progress in the realm of space science.


In conclusion, the historic Chandrayaan-2 mission that took off on July 22nd, 2019, from the Satish Dhawan Space Center, marked a defining moment in India’s space history. The mission’s accomplishments and the lessons learned from its challenges have undoubtedly contributed to the advancement of space research and technology. Chandrayaan-2 stands as a testament to human innovation and serves as an inspiration for future space missions, fostering the dream of exploring the cosmos further.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is the Chandrayaan-2 mission? The Chandrayaan-2 mission was India’s ambitious lunar exploration endeavor launched by ISRO to explore the moon’s south polar region and achieve a soft landing.
  2. Where did Chandrayaan-2 launch from? Chandrayaan-2 was launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota, India.
  3. What was the main objective of the mission? The primary objective of the Chandrayaan-2 mission was to become the fourth nation to achieve a soft landing on the moon.
  4. Did Chandrayaan-2 encounter any challenges during its journey? Yes, like any space mission, Chandrayaan-2 faced challenges, but ISRO’s team overcame them with determination and ingenuity.
  5. What impact did Chandrayaan-2 have on space exploration? Chandrayaan-2’s success significantly contributed to advancements in space research and showcased India’s capabilities in lunar exploration.
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